Windows Workstation Links

Windows 8

Windows 7

  • Fix psshutdown.exe tool in Windows 7 (Still cannot fix it)
    create or modify 32-bit DWORD: LocalAccountTokenFilterPolicy
    set the value to: 1
  • Wikipedia: Compare Windows 7 Editions
  • Pushing the Limits of Windows: Physical Memory
  • Windows 7 USB DRIVE This device cannot start. (Code 10) (Also valid for USB controller could not startup problem)
    1. Backup the registry
    3. run regedit
    4. Locate the “UpperFilters” value under the following key in the registry:
    5. On the “Edit” menu, click “Delete”, and then click “OK”.
    6. Locate the “LowerFilters” value under the same key in the registry:
    7. On the “Edit” menu, click “Delete”, and then click “OK”.
    8. Quit Registry Editor and restart the computer.
  • Troubleshooting whitebox displayed on top-left hand corner after Windows 7 resume from hibernate mode
    Maybe related to MSI Notebook Utility: MGSysCtrl.exe, remove/stop/disable this program immediately remove the white box

Windows Vista

Resources vs Windows XP

Windows Vista Ultimate RTM:
- Base RAM after install: 260M-300M (minimum can be 168M-230M?)
Boot up require 224M RAM else 0x7b error
- Disk: 5.3G
- Swap: 1G (with 512M RAM)
- Resolution: 800x600
- Install Time: 50m (inside VMware, Celeron 1.2G, 512M RAM)
- Others:
CJK languages are installed by default
64bit will not support 16bit application, 32bit drivers
64bit even will need Vista compatible 64bit applications
All versions will include both 32bit and 64bit DVDs, except Starter

[32bit Vista]
- Support max. RAM: 4G
- max. Virtual Memory: 4G

[64bit Vista Home Basic]
- Support max. RAM: 8G
[64bit Vista Home Premium]
- Support max. RAM: 16G
[64bit Vista Business, Enterprise, Ultimate]
- Support max. RAM: 128G

Windows XP Pro:
- Base RAM after install: 100M-128M
- Disk: 1.8G
- Swap: 256M (with 128M RAM)
- Resolution: 800x600 (640x480 many menu inaccessible)
- Install Time: 30m-45m
- Support max. CPU: 2
- Support max. RAM: 4G / (128G for x64)
- max. Virtual Memory: 4G / (16TB for x64)

Windows Server 2003:
- Support max. CPU: 2
- Support max. RAM: 2G

[Standard, Standard R2]
- Support max. CPU: 4
- Support max. RAM: 4G

[Enterprise, Enterprise R2]
- Support max. CPU: 8
- Support max. RAM: 64G

[Datacenter, Datacenter R2]
- Support max. CPU: 32 / 64
- Support max. RAM: 128G

[Standard x64, Standard x64 R2]
- Support max. CPU: 4
- Support max. RAM: ? / 32G

[Enterprise x64, Enterprise x64 R2]
- Support max. CPU: 8
- Support max. RAM: 1TB

[Datacenter x64, Datacenter x64 R2]
- Support max. CPU: 64
- Support max. RAM: 1TB

Windows XP Pro:
- Base RAM after install: 100M-128M
- Disk: 1.8G
- Swap: 256M (with 128M RAM)
- Resolution: 800x600 (640x480 many menu inaccessible)
- Install Time: 30m-45m
- Support max. CPU: 2
- Support max. RAM: 4G / (128G for x64)

Ref: Paul Thurrott's SuperSite
  • Useful shortcuts (applies to Windows XP)
  • Useful commands (share with Windows XP)
    • tskill to kill process
  • Major differences with Windows XP
    • .\username to logon locally, domain\username or to logon domain account
    • Fast User Switching works in domain mode
    • Start -> Run is hidden! Customize the Start button or use Window-R
    • By default these start shortcuts are disappered: Favorites, Printers, Run
    • By default, the shutdown button does not do shutdown but turn the computer in Sleep mode. (not Standby in XP) It will create a hibernate file and keep the computer in standby mode. In case the power is loss, the computer can still start from the hibernate file.
      When in sleep mode, after 15min (?) the computer will auto enter hibernate mode and shutdown.

    • Most files can have tags (keyword) attach to it
    • Can save the search results and re-use later. Saved search is regular file.
    • For disc burning. By default Windows Vista use Live File System (UDF?), XP use mastered format (ISO?)
    • Vista support read/write UDF upto 2.5 (default use multi-session UDF 2.01), read upto 2.6. XP only support read upto 2.0x (Wikipedia)
    • Window+Tab will use the Flip 3D feature, if Aero color scheme is used
    • Connect to a Network Projector utility can see other computer’s projected screen
    • Windows Meeting Space for peer-to-peer ad-hoc file sharing, replace NetMeeting in XP.
      • Meeting can be visible or hidden on the network
      • Meeting can set a password
      • Require Vista in a private network setup
      • Document sharing only keep the latest version, there is no conflict management!
      • May affected by firewall
    • Default XPS printer driver for printing XPS document (PDF competing format)
    • Windows Photo Gallery replace XP’s Picture and Fax Viewer
    • Windows Defender is build-in
      • Note that Windows Defender can have an Allowed Programs List
    • Parental Controls in Home & Ultimate editions
    • Windows Mail replaced Outlook Express (or just rename)
      • SmartScreen technology JunkMail Filtering
      • WARNING: Single identity only, no more multiple identities!
    • Windows Contacts replace personal address book in Outlook Express
      • Contacts keep at user profile’s Contacts folder as individual file
    • Windows Calendar
    • Sync Center to do file syncing for laptop
    • Windows Mobility Center to adjust laptop related settings
    • ReadyBoost function to use Flash drive to speed up machine boot up time
      • USB 2.0
      • at least 64M free
      • 3.5M/s minimum random read for 4kB data
      • 2.5M/s minimum random write for 512kB data
    • SuperFetch (share with ReadyBoost?) to preload programs / data to speed up things
    • Complete PC Backup possible to make a complete system image backup (Business/Enterprise/Ultimate only)
      • Create clone of disk into VirtualPC vhd image
      • Can only backup to disk/removable disk in NTFS partition
      • Restore can be done at the Vista DVD (the Windows PE enviornment)
    • New Policy for UAC at: Security Settings/Local Policies/Security Options
    • Redirect function to redirect protected writes to user profile: AppData\Local\VirtualStore (replace C:)
    • BitLocker Drive Encryption
      • At least 2 partitions, 1.5G for bootup unencrypt and the rest for C:
      • TPM 1.2 BIOS is needed, or
      • USB key with BIOS support use of USB key at bootup, with
      • Use Group Policy to enable use BitLocker in a non-TPM computer
    • Troubleshooting / Problem Reporting: Control Panel -> [System and Maintenance] -> Problem Reports and Solutions
    • sfc.exe now can specify the location of offline windows/boot directory
    • Snipping Tool allow capture part of the screen and do annotation
    • clip command which can pipe (|) stdout data to Windows Clipboard
    • where command similar to Unix is available
    • whoami command similar to Unix is available
    • timeout command, similar to Unix sleep, is available
    • User profiles keep in C:\Users, not C:\Documents and Settings (XP)
    • Documents folder in profile replace “My Docuemnts" (XP)
    • Aero user interface, which will be used when computer rating is at least 3.0
    • In Windows Explorer, can use checkbox next to icon to select files instead of Ctl click multiple files
      (Organize -> Folder and Search Options, turn on Use Checkbox to select files

    • The build-in defragmenter now can have schedules!
    • Automatic Backups replace ntbackup, however it does not allow you to choose folder to backup!
    • Shadow copy (used in Windows Server 2003) can keep file version, Business/Enterprise/Ultimate only
      • Created with System Restore point
      • When dual boot Windows XP, all Shadow Copies and Restore point will get erased!
    • Driver Signature Enforcement: Vista now seems only use signed drivers? (Need to clarify)
    • The build-in Administrator account can by-pass the UAC, but is disabled by default
    • References
  • Windows Vista Home

Windows XP

Vista System Restore

  • Works for NTFS partition only
  • 15% space will be used for System Restore
  • Shrink System Restore point will remove backup
  • vssadmin CLI tool to manage shadow copy
  • Resize Storage usage for C drive: vssadmin Resize ShadowStorage /For=C: /On=C: /MaxSize=2GB
  • Vista System Restore Management
  • Schedule Vista System Restore
    Change in Control Panel > Admin Tools > Task Scheduler

Vista UAC

Vista BitLocker Encryption

Vista Windows Aero

  • Requires
    • WDDM driver
    • 64M display
    • 32bit color
    • Windows Aero Theme & Color Scheme
    • Pass WGA check

Vista Bluetooth

Vista Windows Mail

  • Replace Outlook Express in XP
  • Only support IMAP and POP3, no longer support Hotmail’s HTTP
  • Can export messages to Outlook/Exchange (need MAPI client e.g. Outlook installed)

Vista Windows Calendar

  • Not support to sync with PDA Windows Mobile Device Center
    WMDC only support Outlook and does not support Windows Mail, Windows Address Book or Windows Calendar

  • Subscribed Windows Calendar cannot be re-published, only local Calendar data can publish to a share/website. Alternative is to export/import the Calendar and then publish it.


Workstation Troubleshooting

  • Windows tip of the day: viewing your chkdsk report
    Recorded in Application Event, From: wininit event id 1001

  • KB196452: Why Windows NT Reports 6005, 6006, 6008, and 6009 Event Log Entries
    Bootup event log

  • Cannot find user profile and loaded with a temp profile, unlike XP it will not create a new profile
    Goto registry
    hkey_Local_machine\software\microsoft\windows NT\CurrentVersion\ProfileList

    Locate the key(S-1-5…) that had the old profile(C:\users\username) and delete it. Reboot.

  • Trustedinstaller.exe use up 100% CPU in Vista
    • Caused by Windows Update, no solution found yet, turn off Windows Update for the time being until a fix is out
  • Multi-monitor problem in Vista
    All display cards must use same WDDM driver (card from same vendor) in Vista to do multi-monitor, or force install older XPDM driver that allow mixing different drivers

  • Cannot Add program into the “Open With" context menu
    A thread in UltraEdit Forum suggested maybe an older version of the program was installed, but the newer version didn’t updated the HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Applications\ProgramName.exe\shell\open\command\(Default). Can try to manual correct the problem, or simply delete the open\command\(Default) key and let it re-create.

  • Removing hidden Com ports on PC / High com numbers
    set devmgr_show_nonpresent_devices=1, run devmgmt.msc and show hidden devices

  • Becoming NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM on Windows

Windows PE


Common Network Drivers

PE Troubleshooting